Human-Elephant Conflict Mitigation
The conversion of forest into the plantation, mining, and settlement areas has narrowed the livelihood space of wildlife. This condition will profoundly affect big mammals like Sumatran Elephant (Elephas maximus sumatranus), Sumatran Tiger (Panthera tigris sumatrae), Sumatran Orangutan (Pongo abelii), and Malayan Tapir (Tapirus indicus). The massive disappearance of the ranging region causes the high likelihood of interaction with human beings and often resulted in conflict. Crops and poultries are ideal preys because of the disappearance of natural food source. Human-wildlife conflict can induce disadvantages between both parties materialistically together with potentially victimised them.
Wildlife Crime Investigation
Poaching and illegal trafficking of wildlife until now have been becoming a very serious threat since it plummets the wildlife population drastically. With increasingly habitat encroachment thus narrow the home range of the wildlife. Poachers usually utilize fire gun either assembly or organic, various traps, and poisons. The high market demands, as well as economical values inadvertently, bring the high rate of wildlife poaching.
Protection of wildlife sustainability starts with protecting the good remaining existing habitat which is either located inside conservation areas or outside conservation areas. Both habitat allocation and enrichment are very significant to be done by multi stakeholders that in turns doing their business especially inside Sumatran Elephant habitat. Conservation areas allocation and river-buffer zonings soon will be basic responsibility of concession permit holders.